Health

Brain stroke causes, symptoms and prevention

brain stroke

Earlier, brain stroke was said to occur only in the elderly.  But due to modern lifestyles, other age groups are facing such problems.

What is a brain stroke?

Our brain needs constant oxygen to function properly.  Through the bloodstream, the oxygen we need reaches our brain.  Due to some reason, when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures), part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs. This condition of the body is called brain stroke.

Types of brain stroke:

A brain stroke is usually of two types.

  1. Ischemic stroke
  2. Hemorrhagic stroke

Ischemic stroke.

It is the most common type of stroke. About 80 percent of strokes are ischemic strokes. It occurs when a blood vessel that takes blood to your brain gets plugged. The blood vessel is blocked by a piece of blood. It happens when fatty deposits in arteries break off and travel to the brain or when poor blood flow from an irregular heartbeat forms a blood clot.

Hemorrhagic stroke.

It’s less common than an ischemic stroke but can be more serious. A blood vessel in your brain balloons up and bursts, or a weakened one leaks. This causes blood to flow uncontrollably in some parts of the brain. Uncontrolled high blood pressure and taking too much blood thinner medicine can lead to this kind of stroke. only 15 percent of all strokes are hemorrhagic.

How to detect a stroke?

We have a system called Fast. Before that, the illness is usually normal. Stroke is something that happens suddenly. The stroke is also known as a brain attack.

The most common symptoms of a stroke are:

  • Weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Loss of vision or dimming (like a curtain falling) in one or both eyes
  • Loss of speech, difficulty talking or understanding what others are saying
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause
  • Loss of balance or unstable walking, dizziness, usually combined with another symptom

Time plays a huge role in this. Treatment is possible if you reach the hospital on time. Treatment is difficult if only a little delay.

What if you do not reach the hospital on time?

The person affected by the stroke should be rushed to the nearest hospital as soon as possible without delay for one minute. Do not delay, One, even a second, is very valuable to him because, after a stroke, the brain cells of the person begin to vanish rapidly.

If anyone in the factory, office, or family member has any of the same symptoms of brain stroke, it is the responsibility of friends and family members to take them to the nearest hospital without delay for a minute having the facilities of ICU, neurology department along with CT scan and MRI. In that case, you should not make the same mistake as thinking, consulting, thinking, or consulting your family doctor. Because it is a medical emergency and it is possible to get treatment in a modern well-equipped hospital.

After taking the patient to the hospital, it is important to keep in mind that the CT scan of the patient should be done within 30 minutes and that the remaining lab tests should be completed within 50 minutes so that treatment can be initiated as soon as possible.

How many people have such a problem?

Most are seen in the person who is ageing and the fat accumulates in the nerves. But now the problem is seen at a young age because of lifestyle changes. Problems of accumulating high cholesterol in one’s heart are also increasing due to the disturbance of the heart. Some are also suffering from cholesterol accumulation problems, irregular heartbeat.

When is the highest risk?

People above the age of 60 are known to increase their risk. Because of the busyness of the modern lifestyle, people do not pay much attention to their health. Therefore, those aged 30 and 40 are also victims of brain stroke. This problem can be caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, heredity, high cholesterol, and amino acid levels in the blood, excessive drinking of alcohol and cigarettes, internal injuries to the head or excessive mental stress.

What effect does it have?

41 percent of people are at risk of life and 59 percent suffer from physical or mental impairment. The person is unable to move. Some have difficulty speaking. Feeling very weak in yourself, blurred vision (visually impaired) and memory loss.

It is equally possible to reach a semi-conscious state. There may also be paralysis of one side. The reason is that every part of the human brain operates and controls many different physical and mental functions. Usually, the left part of our brain controls the right part of the body and the right part controls the left part of the body. Brain stroke impedes the functioning of the organs associated with that part of the brain.

How is the treatment done?

The most important treatment is thrombolysis. Which should be done in the ischemic stroke. It is the breakdown of blood clots formed in blood vessels, using medication. This should be done within four and a half hours.

The patient will have to reach the hospital within three and a half hours. For the CT scan, blood tests should take about an hour to complete. Can not say this at all, but many can be reverted to an earlier state.

Is there no way to treat a sick patient after this time?

Patients with premature ejaculation cannot be given this medication, but there are other treatments. If the patient’s senses are low, then accordingly the drug should be given in case of increased head pressure. Since it is unable to swallow, it is necessary to give the medicine through the nose. Do Physiotherapy, Exercising on the movement of hands and legs so that the back does not hurt. Then the nerves that surround the patient’s damaged nerve begin to function. It also depends on how big the nerve is blocked, what age it is. If a large nerve is blocked, it may take time to recover.

Treatment with medication, no operation?

Operation means that if the nerve is blocked due to blockage of nerves and the pressure of the head is increased, it is sometimes used to remove the bone above the head to reduce the pressure. Otherwise, the vein should not be operated only by the blockage. If the blood could not be drainage in time then the blood clot is removed with the help of a wire. Once the nerve is blocked, there are two places. One is dead and the other is left. Opening a dead nerve also does not work. But there is so much to do without having to work somewhere, it opens up and works later.

Is it possible to repeat after treatment with a stroke?

During treatment, two or three types of medication are given. Medications can be taken for a lifetime. The purpose of the treatment is to avoid such an attack in the future. A hundred percent is not a saying, yes, but to a large extent, it is not.

Prevention from Brain Stroke

Important ways to lower your odds of having a stroke.

  • Know and control your blood pressure.
  • Don’t smoke; stop if you do.
  • Lose weight if needed.
  • Become more active.
  • Identify and manage atrial fibrillation.
  • Be aggressive about treating a transient ischemic attack (TIA, or mini-stroke).
  • Treat circulatory problems like peripheral artery disease, sickle cell disease, or severe anaemia.
  • Know and control your blood sugar and cholesterol.
  • If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
  • Adopt a healthy diet low in sodium and rich in potassium.
  • Know the warning signs of stroke (see “Stroke warning signs”) and respond immediately.

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