Candidates are required to give their answer in their own words as far as practicable. The figures in the margin indicate full marks.
Time – 3 hrs.
Full Marks: – 100
Pass Marks: – 35
Attempt all the questions.
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions below. 5×3=15
The teacher and the students are the active participants in the process of education. A good teacher is one who intermingles his own individuality with the individuality of the child. Without this, the education given by the teacher will have no effect on the students. In this way, education is nothing but a bi-polar process- through which the natural, spontaneous and progressive development of the child is purified, justified and modified.
According to Adams: “Education is a bi-polar process in which one personality acts on another to modify the development of others. The process is not only conscious but deliberate … the means … are two-fold.
…..educator’s personality, B) use of knowledge in various forms.
In the words of Ruskin: “You do not educate a man by telling him what he knows not, but by making what he was not”. According to Aristotle: “Education is the creation of the sound mind in a sound body. He emphasizes that if a person has a sound physique, his mind will automatically be sound. Without this, the creation of a sound mind is not at all possible. Further, this particular creation is nothing but education itself.
- How does the author define the quality of a good teacher?
Ans: The author defines the quality of a teacher as a person who can intermingle his/her personality with students’.
- Why does the writer believe that education is a bi-polar process?
Ans: As students receive whatever is taught by the teacher, it is taken as a bi-polar process.
- How does Adams describe education?
Ans: Adam defines, “Education is a bi-polar process in which one personality acts on another to modify the development of other”.
- What did Aristotle emphasize on?
Ans: Aristotle emphasizes that if a person has a sound physique, his mind will automatically be sound. Without this, the creation of a sound mind is not at all possible.
- Summarize the passage in one-third of its length.
Ans: The passage is about the importance of education in which the ideas of philosophers is given.
2. Answer any five questions: 5×3=15
a) Why does the Old Man kill the boy? (Purgatory)
Ans: The old man’s motive behind murdering the boy is apparent. He was quite conscious of his line of ancestry. He was unsatisfied with his blood so he killed the boy stop the polluted blood to produce more pollution in the world. The other region for his murder of the boy, his son, is to release the soul of his (the boy’s) mother from the purgatory.
The old man had also killed his father. Now he killed his son too. He is the only man living in his family. After killing the boy the crime of a father will not be repeated by him (the boy) in an endless cycle of violence and atrocities. So, the old man’s motive is to put an end to the whole line of blood, the race of his family.
b) What roles does Gretel play to save her brother and herself from the witch? (Hansel…….)
Ans: Because of the poverty an old man left his children in the jungle. He was forced to leave his children by his wife though he was unwilling to do so. When the old man left his children in the jungle they wept and cried a lot. They tried to walk home but they couldn’t reach the edge of the jungle instead they lost themselves in the dense grove of the forest. They were hungry and exhausted. They slept soon and when they got up the next morning they saw a beautiful bird. The bird led them to a beautiful house.
The house was made of chocolates and sweets. The windows were made of sugar. They were happy to see the dream world in front of them. But to their great surprise, an old woman came from the house. She was the wicked witch of that jungle. Her eyes were red like burning coal and her hand thin with long nails on her fingers. She prepared good food for Hansel and Gretel and gave them a good bed to sleep.
The witch wanted to eat them so she kept Hansel in an iron cell and gave him good food to make him fat. After many days she found that the boy didn’t grow fat so she decided to eat both the kids. Gretel knew the secret plan of the wicked witch. Gretel trapped her inside the oven when she was being trained by the witch. The witch died crying the great pain inside the big woven.
Gretel freed Hansel from the cage and they became happy finding the safe and healthy. They went inside the gingerbread house and found some old boxes. They opened them and found then full of pearls, diamonds, and gold. They collected the treasure as much as they could. Hansel stuffed his pockets and Gretel filled her apron with that wealth. They became very happy and remembered their parents.
They came home walking all day and night. A white duck helped them to cross the brook. When they arrived in their home their father became happy. He found what they had brought with them.
c) Why was Tammy labelled as unadoptable in the past? (The Children Who Wait)
Ans: Before 1960, the affluent family with both male and female was considered suitable for adopting children. A child needed the love of both members of a family. Single parent was not considered a suitable family for adoption. But the scene changed after 1960.
The black children were unacceptable. They were not considered good for adoption especially by the white parents. In the case of handicapped same rule applied. They were also unadoptable because the foster family need a healthy and white child. They needed easy handling of the baby without any social complain or dis-satisfaction.
Before 1960 the white children were easily available for adoption. People preferred white children so black and disabled children were labelled “unadoptable”. Disabled children were also not accepted because they were difficult to handle. The blacks were underestimated from the racial point of view.
Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous speech “I Have a Dream” on 28 August 1963. After that great movement for equal rights to the blacks, the situation got little softer. So, before that era, it was difficult for black’s children to get adopted. It got easier later.
d) Why did Karma buy only distillery equipment? (Hurried Trip….)
e) What does Martin Luther King dream about? ( I Have a Dream)
Ans: King’s dream is a dream of brotherhood. He wishes to unite black and white people. Being in the same country some people are slaves and some are slave owners. They are judged just because of the colour of skin not by the content of their character.
So, King has a dream of unity, freedom and justice. He addressed both the whites and blacks to shake hands and respect each other towards the path of peace and prosperity. He was going back to the places where people were being segregated because of their skin colour. We were going back to the slums and ghettos of the states like; Georgia, Mississippi and Alabama with the hope of positive change. He wished these places to be and comfortable places for the black and white children to sing a song together.
f) Why does the old pensioner condemn the time? (The Lamentation …)
As a youth, the poet was followed by his friends. He would take part in politics. He would lead his group and fight against the government or the imperial regime. He would take part in revolutionary acts like making pikes and attacking the enemies. Many beauties would follow him and love him. But now he has become an old man whom nobody cares and loves. So, he has become furious and he tries to spit on the face of time.
As everybody praises the rising sun, there is no one to take care of the sting sun. He is like a setting sun whom nobody cares. He has become a broken tree whom nobody waters. His fruits and leaves are already fallen. Because of these reasons, he has become so furious and he scolds or hates time. He wants to spit into the face of time.
3) Answer any one of the following questions: 10
a) Sketch the character of Alyohin. Do you consider him a successful or a failure person? (About Love)
Ans: Alyohin is a protagonist of a story “About Love” who is created by Russian writer Anton Chekhov. He is taken as a failure person in the field of love and education. He is a more conscious character which restricts him to express his love. He is more guided by the philosophy and thinks in terms of others. Graduated Alyohin works in the field to pay off his debt. His father had mortgaged his home of Sofyino for his study. He worked in the field because he couldn’t earn much. If he uses the labours to get that job, he will be job done. He involves in all the agricultural works with his servants.
As an honorary justice of the peace, he is kind-hearted and liberal. He visits town frequently. On these visits, he would stay in the home of Mr Luganiviches whom he befriended in his work. There he saw Anna Alexeyevna, the wife of Mr Luganovich for the first time. He found her beautiful and cooperative. She had a daughter of six months at that time.
Alyohin frequented the town and mixed with Luganoviches. He became one of the members of that home and stayed there in his every visit. They also welcomed him and offered the help they could the time of need. This genuine help and the warm contact compelled Alyohin to love Anna. In the arrival of Alyohin from Sofyino, she would tell him that she was expecting him to arrive that day.
He fell in love with her but he couldn’t express it. He thought that there was no big difference between Mr Luganovich and himself. He couldn’t give her more than that so he just loved her and make her mentally sick. Anna also loved him but couldn’t express her love to him. Maybe it is because she was married and also had a baby.
Alyohin expresses his love at the end when Anna broads a train for Crimea. He kisses and caresses her with full of tears in his eyes. But it is too late to redo everything so he returns depressed.
Alyohin represents a general hoopoe of society. He is a simple man who wants love and to be loved. But his first college friend was materialistic who loved him for money and possessions. Love of Anna was genuine but it was her extra-marital love so I couldn’t be executed physically.
b) Retell the story ‘The Boarding House’. (The Boarding House)
Ans: Mrs Mooney and her husband had a butcher’s shop. Her husband drank a lot of alcohol and spent all of their money. After a difficult marriage with a drunken husband that ends in separation, Mrs Mooney opens a boarding house to make a living. Her son, Jack, and daughter, Polly, live with her in the house. Mrs Mooney runs a strict and tight business and is known by the lodgers as “The Madam.” Polly, who used to work in an office as a typewriter, now stays at home at her mother’s request, to amuse the lodgers and help with the cleaning which is surrounded by so many young men, Polly inevitably, develops a relationship with one of them, Mr Doran. Mrs Mooney knows about the relationship, but instead of sending Polly back to work in the city, she monitors its developments. Polly becomes increasingly uncomfortable with her mother’s lack of intervention, but Mrs Mooney waits until “the right moment” to intercede. First, she speaks awkwardly with Polly and then arranges to speak with Mr Doran on a Sunday morning.
Mrs Mooney looks forward to her confrontation, which she intends to “win” by defending her daughter’s honour and convincing Mr Doran to offer his hand in marriage. Waiting for the time to pass, Mrs Mooney figures the odds are in her favour, considering that Mr Doran, who has acquired much respect, will choose the option that least harms his career.
Meanwhile, Mr Doran anguishes over the awaiting meeting with Mrs Mooney. As he ‘clumsily grooms himself for the appointment, he reviews the difficult confession to his priest that he made on Saturday evening, in which he was harshly reproved for his romantic affair. He knows he can either marry Polly or run away, the latter an option that would ruin ‘his sound reputation. Convincing himself that he has been duped, Mr Doran bemoans Polly’s unimpressive family, her ill manners, and her poor grammar, and wonders how he can remain free and unmarried. In this irritating moment, Polly enters the room and threatens to end her life out of unhappiness. In her presence, Mr Doran begins to remember how he was bewitched by Polly’s beauty and kindness, but he still wavers about his decision.
Uneasy, Mr Doran comforts Polly and departs for the meeting, leaving her to wait in the room. She rests on the bed crying for a while, neatens her appearance, and then nestles back in the bed, dreaming of her possible future with Mr Doran. Finally, Mrs Mooney interrupts the dream by calling to her daughter. Mr Doran, according to Mrs Mooney, wants to speak with Polly.
4. Read the example and write a similar conversation between ‘A’ and ‘B’. 5
Example: fine/for spitting in the street (noise)
A: Have you ever been fined for spitting in the street?
B: No. I haven’t, but I have been fined for making noise.
1. Steal/ shirt? (sweater)
A: Have you ever had your shirt stolen?
B: No, I haven’t, but my sweater had stolen.
2. Trap/ in a bathroom? (lift)
A: Have you ever been trapped in a bathroom?
B: No, I haven’t, but I have been trapped in a lift.
3. X-ray/ chest? (Leg)
A: Have you ever had your chest X-rayed?
B: No, I haven’t, but my leg had X-rayed.
4. Thrown/ out of class? (hall)
A: Have you ever been thrown out of class?
B: No, I haven’t, but I have been thrown out of hall.
5. Mistake/ for a business man? (scholar)
A: Have you ever been mistaken for a business man?
B: No, I haven’t, but I have been mistaken for a scholar.
5. Use these phrases in the sentence with a look as though, as in the example. 5
Example: They are happy.
– He needs a wash.
– He looks as if he needs a wash
2. He is aggressive.
– He looks aggressive.
3. It gives excellent result.
– It looks as if it gives excellent result.
4. They are brother and sister.
– They look as if they are brother and sister.
5. She is celebrating.
-She looks as if she is celebrating.
6. How would you judge….. 5
a) …a person who jokes about everything
b) …doesn’t joke about anything
c) …worries about what people think
d) …doesn’t care what people think
e) …doesn’t boast
7. Rewrite these sentences below using may/might, must, can’t. 5
a) Perhaps he works hard.
– He may work hard.
b) Perhaps they are studying.
– They might be studying.
c) I am sure he is honest.
– He must be honest.
d) I am sure she was at work.
– He must have been at work.
e) I am sure they are not working.
– They can’t be working.
8. For each of the following situation, make a wise with I wish/If only using
a) would or b) could or c) past tense. 5
Examples: I am tired.
I wish I could take rest.
1. My friend has lost his purse.
– I wish I could get his purse.
– I wish my friend would find his purse.
2. You are out of work.
– I wish I could get a job.
– I wish my friend would help me to get a job.
3. You are in bed with flu.
– I wish I could be healthy.
– I wish Aaradhya would come at my home.
4. You are asked by the bank to pay in time.
– I wish I could pay in time.
– I wish the bank would provide more time.
5. Your cell phone doesn’t have balance.
– I wish I could get some money.
– I wish my mother would give me 100
9. Change the following remarks using supposed to: 5
a) People say onion is good for health.
– Onion is supposed to be good for health.
b) Apparently, Sanu was an insomniac.
– Sanu is supposed to have been an insomniac.
c) They say there is a large snake at Pashupatinath.
– A lake is supposed to be at Pashupatinath.
d) People say it is unlucky to walk or drive when a cat crosses the road.
– It is supposed to be unlucky to
e) They say January is a cold month of the year.
– January is supposed to be a cold month of the year.
10. Write a piece of good news that you have read in a national newspaper. 5
Nepal’s Ex-Crown Prince Arrested in Thailand with Marijuana
Kathmandu: Paras Shah, Nepal’s former crown prince known for his flamboyant lifestyle, was arrested by Thai police July 10 with 12 gm of marijuana, it was confirmed on Tuesday.
Top diplomatic sources confirmed to IANS that Thai police had informed the Bangkok-based Nepal embassy the same day. Shah, 43, is still in custody and local Thai police have not shared many details with Nepali authorities regarding his arrest.
He was arrested from Hotel Debit July 10 evening with the contraband marijuana. This is not the first time he was arrested by the Thai police on drug possession charges.
The Thai police also informed the Nepal embassy that he was presented at a local criminal court after being charged but declined to divulge details where he was kept.
When Nepal turned into a republic in 2008, Paras left for Singapore and stayed for a while there with his wife and three children. But his family returned to Nepal leaving him alone there.
Then he shifted to Bangkok where he was staying with his Thai girlfriend. His three children — one son and two daughters — along with wife Himani have been staying in Kathmandu. His wife comes from a princely family in India and is involved in social activities.
After he left for Singapore, his relations with his parents and relatives have been strained and he hardly visits Nepal to meet his family.
A survivor of serious heart attacks in 2007 in Kathmandu and in 2013 in Thailand, Paras used to be a chain smoker and is known for reckless drinking in the party circles of Kathmandu.
In the third week of February 2013, he suffered a massive heart attack and underwent treatment at the Samitivej Hospital in Bangkok and was discharged after a month. During the course of treatment, his parents, father Gyanendra Shah, mother Komal, wife Himani and two of his children visited him.
Earlier, in the last week of November 2012, he was arrested by Thai police for possessing marijuana in Phuket. Later, he was released on bail.
Immediately after he was released, Thai police again arrested him for smashing property at a luxury hotel in Bangkok. He was released only after paying 120,000 baht ($3,730) to the building owner for the damage he had done.
Shah has a very controversial history at home and abroad and is known for his fights and disputes with others.
In 2010, he was arrested for firing at one of the relatives of former deputy prime minister Sujata Koirala in a local tourist area, Chitwan. He later secured a release from jail citing a heart-related ailment.
In 2000, he was reported to have hit and killed a popular Nepalese singer with his car while under the influence of alcohol but he was never charged.
He is one of the survivors of the deadly royal massacre in 2001 when the entire family of the then King Birendra was killed at Narayanhity royal palace in Kathmandu.
11. Give the description of a person who the police are searching in connection with the robbery of a finance company in the town. 5
Ans: Yesterday a robber robbed Paropakar Finance. The person who involved in robbery had black complexion with an oval face. He had curly hair with rings on his ears. He had a crooked nose. The person has in his mid-twenties. He was wearing a black jacket and blue jeans pant. He was carrying a knife. He used a Newari accent.
12. Write a letter to the secretary of your Village Development Committee/ municipality word office for the proper management of garbage in your location. 10
17 July 2014
We are well known that Kathmandu’s world heritage sites are well known, few may be aware of a new archaeological dig that stretches for several kilometres along the Bagmati River. Deep trenches have been dug out, creating 20ft-high hills made of dirt held together with striations of blue, pink and black polypropylene that tell the 30-year local history of the plastic bag: Nepal’s most ubiquitous landmark.
In the Kathmandu Valley, garbage is the gift that keeps on giving. It is everywhere, stuffed in plastic bags and dropped in drainage ditches or piled high in empty lots, on the roadside or on the edges of the city’s rivers. It is thrown out of bus windows, off rooftops into neighbour’s yards. As long as their house and yard are swept clean, the vast majority of valley-dwellers don’t seem to care. When it gets too high, the garbage is burned in open areas, the toxic fumes blanketing nearby houses. The plastic bags clog the rivers and choke drainage pipes, creating flooding and spreading fetid, disease-carrying refuse. The health impacts are felt at all levels.
Rapid unplanned urbanisation has brought traffic jams and choking pollution, but politicians in Nepal’s new government have, with few exceptions, shown little political commitment to solving the problem of garbage.
The Valley needs clean water but the sole operating wastewater treatment plant is handicapped by more than 12 hours of power cuts a day and needs to be overhauled. Sewage flows untreated into the rivers. There are no proper slaughterhouses in any municipalities and no rules for disposing of the city’s dead cows and dogs. They end up in shallow graves near river banks, leaching into the water supply. Hospitals are responsible for disposing of their own hazardous waste such as needles, tissues, organs and other body parts, but the government has not provided a dumping site. Some hospitals burn in the open, and others use incinerators that releases dioxin and furan, two highly carcinogenic pollutants.
An exception is the government-run Bir Hospital that has even built a bio-gas plant on its premises. As a stop-gap measure, Sisdole is being expanded. The Asian Development Bank, which last year published the most researched and detailed Solid Waste Management report on Nepal to date, will begin work later this year on Kathmandu’s waste-water treatment plant. The government has begun dredging the highly-polluted Bagmati, with the aim of laying down sewage pipes as well as planting green areas. It is unearthing tons of dumped plastic and earth but narrowing the river-bed, which experts say can cause severe flooding during the monsoons, spreading disease through its water.
13. Write an essay on the ‘Importance of Health Education’ in school level curriculum. 10
Ans: Health education is an essential tool for community health. Every branch of community health has a health educational aspect and every community health worker is a health educator. But health education has been defined as a process which effects changes in the health practices of people and in the knowledge and attitudes related to suet changes.
A great deal of ill-health in this country and elsewhere is due to ignorance of simple rules of hygiene or of indifference to their practical application. However, health is of the greatest importance and an indispensable factor in life. Without it a man becomes a burden to others and useless to himself. In other words, health is the basis of individual and social welfare.
But the concept of health and practice of health-education is almost as old as the human race. Health education has been defined as “the sum of all experiences in school and elsewhere that favourably influence habits, attitudes and knowledge, related to individual, community and racial health.”
At present in our country, much attention is being paid to education for total health. Good health is a precondition for a good education. There is a saying that sound mind lives in a sound body. So, education cannot be acquired without the proper frame of the mind and the proper frame of mind cannot be possible without proper health and hygiene. Physical education is accepted as an integral part of education and the educational authorities recognize it, need in schools the youth of the country, which form its ‘most variable asset, will never be able to pull they are full weigh to national welfare.
The emphasis so far has been more on the academic type of education without proper consideration being given to physical welfare and the maintenance ‘ proper standards of health of the pupils”. Health education is the very foundation of every successful public health programme so one of the main functions educations should be to help every child develop a healthy body, an alert mind and sound emotional attitudes. Health education aims at bridging the gulf between the health knowledge and health practices of the children.